DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN KEMANDIRIAN ORANG DENGAN GANGGUAN JIWA (ODGJ)

  • Khamida Khamida Fakultas Keperawatan dan Kebidanan Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya
  • Abdul Muhith Departemen Keperawatan Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Majapahit Mojokerto
  • Rizkya Dewi Safitri Fakultas Keperawatan dan Kebidanan Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya
Keywords: people with mental disorder (ODGJ), family support, independence

Abstract

Some families who treat people with mental disorders have fully support their family member, but people with mental disorders do not care about it. ODGJ (People with Mental Disorder) prefer to do what they want to do unless there is an award from the family. The aim of the study is to find out the relationship between family support and the level of independence of ODGJ in Posyandu Jiwa, Wonokromo Village, Surabaya. The design of this study is analytical with a cross sectional approach. The population is all ODGJ families. The sample is 35 respondents with Purposive Sampling techniques. The independent variable is family support and the dependent variable is the level of independence of ODGJ. The research instrument used a questionnaire. Data analysis using Rank Spearman test. The results showed that of the 35 respondents most (62.9%) had good family support and most (65.7%) were independent. The test results of Rank Spearman statistics p = 0.000 <α = 0.05 indicate that there is a family support relationship with the level of independence of ODGJ. The independence of ODGJ can be achieved to the maximum with good support from the family. It is expected that families can maintain good family support for ODGJ to be more independent and maintain ODGJ's independence, so as not to depend on family

References

Friedman, Marilyn M, Vicky R. Bowden, Elaine G. Jones. 2010. BukuAjarKeperawatan Keluarga: Riset, Teori & Parktik. Jakarta: EGC
Harnilawati. 2013. Konsep dan Proses Keperawatan Keluarga. Sulawesi Selatan:Pustaka As Salam.
Kaplan, HI, Sadock, BJ & Grabb, JA. 2010. Kaplan-Sadock Sinopsis PsikiatriIlmu Pengetahuan Prilaku Psikiatri Klinis. Tangerang: Bina Rupa Aksara
Keliat, Budi Anna, Akemat Pawiro Wiyono, Herni Susanti. 2011. KeperawatanKesehatan Jiwa Komunitas: CMHN (basic course). Jakarta : EGC.
Kusumawati, Farida dan Yudi Hartono. 2012. Buku Ajar Keperawatan Jiwa.Jakarta: Salemba Medika.
Muhith, A., Nasir (2011). Buku Ajar Metodologi Penelitian Kesehata, Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika
Muhith, A. (2015). Pendidikan Keperawatan Jiwa (Teori dan Aplikasi). Yogyakarta: Andi.
Muhith, A. (2016). Pendidikan Keperawatan Gerontik (Teori dan Aplikasi). Yogyakarta: Andi.
Muhith, A. (2018).Aplikasi Komunikasi terapeutikNursing & HealthYogyakarta: Andi.
Muhith, A., Saputra, M.H., fardiansyah A., (2018). Risk factor of rheumatoid arthritis among Eldely in UPT Panti Werdha Mojopahit Mojokerto distric Indonesia. Medicine: Public health, Evironmental and Occupational Health. Indian Journal of Public health Research & Development.Indian Journal of Public health Research & Development, Volume. 9 Number, 6 June 2018, ISSN 0978-0245 (print), ISSN 0976-5506 (Electronic). DOI number: 10.5958/0976-5506.2018.00589.2.
Muhith, A., fardiansyah A., Saputra, M.H., Nurmiyati (2018). Analisis of causes Impacts of Early Marriage on Madurese Sumenep East Java Indonesia. Medicine: Public health, Evironmental and Occupational Health. Indian Journal of Public health Research & Development. Volume. 9 Number 8. First page 412-416. (08 Agustus 2018), ISSN 0978-0245 (print), ISSN 0976-5506 (Electronic). DOI Number: 10.5958/0976-5506.2018,00944.0.
Mallongi, A., dkk, (2018). The spatial patten and risk factors of leprosy occurence in barru indonesia. Medicine: Public health, Evironmental and Occupational Health. Indian Journal of Public health Research & Development. Volume. 9 Number 8. First page 1489-1494. (08 Agustus 2018), ISSN 0978-0245 (print), ISSN 0976-5506 (Electronic). DOI Number: 10.5958/0976-5506.2018,00943.9.
National Institue of Mental Health (NIMH). 2011. The Numbers Count MentalDisorders in America. https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mental-disorders-in-america/index/shtml. (diakses pada 10November 2017).
Rinawati, Fajar dan Sucipto.2017. Pengaruh Beban Terhadap Sres Yang DialamiKeluarga Dalam Merawat Pasien Gangguan Jiwa. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan.Vol. 6 No.1 (diakses pada 1 Januari 2018)
Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas). 2013. Badan Penelitian dan PengembanganKesehatan Kementrian RI tahun 2013. http://www. depkes. go.id/resources/download/general/Hasil%20Riskesdas%202013.pdf.(diakses pada 11 November 2017).
Setiadi. 2008. Konsep dan Proses Keperawatan Keluarga. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu.
Setyani, Isnain Eliza. 2016. “Hubungan Antara Dukungan Keluarga Terhadap Kemandirian Perawatan Diri Pada Anak Retardasi Mental Di Sekolah Luar Biasa C Karya Bhakti Surabaya” Skripsi. Program Studi S1 Keperawatan.Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan Muhammadiyah Gembong.
W, Gail, Stuart. 2013. Principles and Practice of Psychiatric Nursing. Singapore:Elsevier
World Health Organization (WHO). 2013. Mental Disorders.http://www.who.int/mental_health/prevalensi/schizophrenia/en/. (diakses pada 10 November 2017)
Yusuf, Ah, Hanik Endang N, Miranti Lorencia I, Fanni Okviasanti. 2017. Kebutuhan Spiritual: Konsep dan Aplikasi Dalam Asuhan Keperawatan.
Published
2018-11-30